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Moles in St. Louis County


Moles are small mammals belonging to the Talpidae family, characterized by their unique physical features and burrowing behavior. Moles dig elaborate tunnel systems underground, serving multiple purposes. They tirelessly search for food, mainly insects and earthworms, by creating tunnels just below the ground surface. These underground burrows also function as their homes, providing shelter for resting, rearing young, and storing food supplies.

One common misconception is that moles eat plant roots, damaging lawns and gardens. However, the truth is that moles are carnivorous and primarily feed on grubs and insect pests that can be harmful to plants. While their tunneling activity can cause damage to surface roots and create unsightly mounds (known as molehills), their presence can also help aerate soil and improve drainage.

Understanding the physical characteristics, behavior, and misconceptions about moles is essential in effectively managing their presence in St. Louis County. By adopting appropriate mole removal and prevention methods, homeowners can maintain a healthy and well-maintained outdoor environment.

What is the common type of mole in St. Louis County?

The common type of mole found in St. Louis County is known as the Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus). These small, insectivorous mammals are commonly found throughout North America and are well-adapted for life underground. Eastern moles have cylindrical bodies, velvety fur, and surprisingly large shovel-like front paws with prominent toenails, which they use to dig their intricate tunnel systems. They have a unique sixth digit, also known as a pseudo thumb, that helps with digging. Eastern moles are known for their voracious appetite, consuming large quantities of grubs, earthworms, and other insect pests that can damage lawns and gardens. 

Appearance and Physical Features

Moles in St. Louis County have a distinct appearance and physical features that set them apart from other creatures. These small mammals typically measure around 6 to 7 inches in length and weigh about 3.5 ounces. Their stocky bodies are covered in velvety, dark grey to black fur, making them well adapted to the underground environment.

One notable physical feature of moles is their shovel-like front paws with large, curved claws. These strong limbs are specifically designed for digging through soil and creating intricate tunnel systems. Moles also have small eyes and ears, which are recessed into their fur to protect them from debris while burrowing.

When it comes to their body structure, moles have streamlined bodies with no external ears. This allows them to efficiently navigate through narrow tunnels. Additionally, they have short tails and a unique adaptation called the "extra thumb" which helps them with their digging abilities.

Signs of a Mole Infestation

Moles are a common nuisance in St. Louis County, known for their extensive tunneling activities and the damage they can cause to lawns and vegetation. The signs of a mole infestation are quite evident and can be easily identified.

One of the primary warning signs of a mole infestation is damage to the lawn. Moles tunnel beneath the ground in search of food, such as insects and worms, and their activity causes the soil to become loose and uneven. As a result, lawns may appear patchy, with uneven areas of grass or bare earth.

The presence of moles is typically accompanied by the appearance of molehills on the ground surface. A molehill is a small mound of soil that is pushed up from underground as moles dig their tunnels. These mounds can range in size and shape but are usually circular and can be up to several inches in height.

Moles are highly active diggers and require a large amount of food daily, often consuming up to 80% of their body weight. This constant foraging leads to the creation of a complex network of tunnels throughout the affected area. These tunnels can be either deep or shallow, depending on the species of mole, and can extend for several feet.

If you notice these signs of a mole infestation, it is essential to take action promptly to prevent further damage to your lawn and vegetation. Professional pest control services can offer effective methods of mole removal and provide advice on how to protect your property from future infestations.

Habitat and Behaviour of Moles in St. Louis County

Moles are small mammals that are native to North America and are commonly found in St. Louis County. They have adapted to a variety of habitats, including lawns, gardens, golf courses, and wooded areas. Moles are solitary creatures and are active year-round, although their activity is more pronounced during the spring and fall. 

Where do moles live?

Moles are small mammals that are commonly found in various habitats across St. Louis County. These elusive creatures have a preference for soft, moist ground, making lawns, gardens, and backyards ideal environments for them. Additionally, moles are often found in woodland areas, where the soil is looser and easier for them to navigate through.

Moles are highly adaptable to their surroundings, but they tend to avoid areas with hard or rocky soil. They prefer the softer ground as it allows them to construct their intricate underground tunnel systems to search for food. These tunnels serve as their residence and can be found not only in open areas like lawns but also under structures such as patios and porches.

Understanding where moles live is crucial for effective pest control strategies. By targeting their preferred habitats, homeowners and gardeners can minimize mole activity and prevent damage to their lawns and gardens.

When are moles active in St. Louis County?

In St. Louis County, moles have specific periods of heightened activity when they cause the most damage. Typically, mole activity peaks during the spring and fall months when the soil is moist and easier to burrow through. This is because moles primarily rely on their underground tunnel systems to search for food, such as insect pests and plant roots, which are more abundant during these seasons.

During their active periods, moles can be seen creating molehills and tunnels on the ground surface. Mole tunnels serve as their preferred residence and a means to access their food supply. These intricate tunnel systems can be found not only in open areas like lawns but also beneath structures like patios and porches.

Territory Size and Population Density

In St. Louis County, moles occupy territories of varying sizes, with population density varying throughout the area. The territory size of moles in this county can range from as little as one acre to as much as several acres. This variation is primarily influenced by factors such as the availability of food supply, soil conditions, and the presence of other moles.

The population density of moles in St. Louis County can also vary significantly. In areas with suitable habitats and ample food sources, the population density may be higher, leading to a greater number of moles per acre. Conversely, the population density may be lower in areas where resources are scarce or the conditions are less favorable.

It is important to note that while moles are capable of extensive tunneling and can create noticeable damage, they are solitary creatures and typically do not exist in large colonies. This means that the population density of moles in any given area is not likely to be overwhelming.

Prevention, Control, and Removal of Moles from St. Louis County

Moles can be a nuisance in St. Louis County, causing damage to lawns and gardens. Identifying and addressing mole infestations promptly is crucial, as their tunneling can disrupt root systems and create unsightly molehills on the ground surface. Fortunately, there are effective methods for mole prevention, control, and removal.

Preventive measures play a crucial role in minimizing mole activity. Regular lawn maintenance, including mowing at appropriate heights, can make the environment less appealing to moles. Removing debris and reducing the presence of insect pests, which attract moles in search of food, can also help deter their presence. It is important to remember that moles are attracted to moist, loose soil, so maintaining proper drainage can discourage mole activity.

Trapping is one of the most common techniques to address mole infestations. Traps placed in active tunnels can catch and remove moles from the area. Natural repellents, such as castor oil-based solutions, can also deter moles from returning to an area. Professional mole pest control services are available for infestations, employing specialized knowledge and equipment to eliminate moles effectively.

Paske Pest Control & Wildlife Solutions can help! If you are dealing with a mole infestation in St. Louis County, Paske Pest Control & Wildlife Solutions can help. Our experienced and knowledgeable technicians are ready to provide effective solutions for your home or business. We utilize the latest techniques, including trapping and repellents, to quickly eliminate moles from your property. Contact us today to learn more about our services!